Our Context

Nigeria’s striking income disparity – so much poverty in the midst of so much wealth – is difficult to comprehend and must inform any attempt to alleviate poverty. Nigeria has one of the largest land areas, oil, and other natural and human resources, in sub-Saharan Africa. However the economic policies implemented in the 1980s and 1990s and a number of other political issues have had significant adverse impacts on the nation’s economic growth and welfare. Despite its natural wealth, the country has sliped from its position at 114 in 2007 and now ranks 158 out of 179 in the countries in the World Poverty index (Human Development Reports, 2009, UNDP. 2009), with rural poverty higher than urban poverty. Nigeria has one of the largest land areas, oil, and other natural and human resources, in sub-Saharan Africa. However the economic policies implemented in the 1980s and 1990s and a number of other political issues have had significant adverse impacts on the nation’s economic growth and welfare. Despite its natural wealth, the country has sliped from its position at 114 in 2007 and now ranks 158 out of 179 in the countries in the World Poverty index (Human Development Reports, 2009, UNDP. 2009), with rural poverty higher than urban poverty. The Federal Republic of Nigeria is comprised of 36 states and 1 territory, which are divided into 6 geo-political zones: South-South, South-West, South-East, North-East, North West, and North-Central. Kaduna State is in the North Central zone, approximately 2 hours from Abuja (the capital of Nigeria), and is made up of 23 local government areas with a population of about 5 million people. Kafanchan is the local government headquarters of Jema’a local government in Kaduna State. Fantsuam Foundation is located in Bayan Loco, a peri-urban slum of Kafanchan, Kaduna State, but our activities and our vision extend beyond Kafanchan toward the whole of Kaduna State. There are a number of development challenges faced by residents of Kaduna State, the priority being the reduction of poverty. The lack of jobs and income infrastructure including safe housing has also contributed to the poor health sector, and many residents do not have access to affordable and good health care facilities or services.